May 18, 2019
Koorma Jayanti is celebrated being the second incarnation or avatar of Lord Vishnu:
Koorma means Tortoise and the aim of this particular avatar was to help the Devas (gods) and Asuras (demons) in helping in Samudra manthan (Churning of ocean).
Once Durvasa Rushigalu gave Nirmalya pushpa to Devendra. Devendra put the nirmalya pushpa on his elephant, which kicked with its legs and durvasa was angry over this.
He immediately cursed him, that let Indra shall lose all his properties. Hence, the Devendras lost all their powers and daithyaas with the leadership of Bali Chakravarthy attacked Amaravathi and gained upper hand in the battle between. Soon evil flourished and the asuraas threw devathegalu out of heaven.
The Devas took refuge in Vaikunta and asked Lord Vishnu to help them. He suggested the churning of ocean with the help of Vasuki as a rope and Mountain Mandara to be used as churning rod, which would derive amrita . By drinking Amrita the Devas will gain immortality and thereby they can defeat the Demons. Mountain Mandara was used as the churning rod and Snake Vasuki was used as the rope.
But when the churning started the Mount Mandara started sinking in the sea. Then again the Devaas prayed Lord Vishnu for help, who took the form of Koorma or tortoise to keep the mountain afloat. This Koormakruthi was spread about 100 Yojana and was holding the Mandara mountain throughout the Samudra Mathana Process for so many years. Thus Koorma Jayanthi is celebrated as a remembrance for the birth of Srimannaarayana’s second incarnation in the form of a tortoise.
Thus Srimannaaraayana was completely responsible for the outcome of Samudra Mathana.
1. He told Devas and Asuraas to do Samudra Mathana
2. When the Mandara mountain was sinking, he made the avataara of Koorma and held the mountain.
3. When Srilakshmi came from the Samudra, he married her.
4. He himself brought the Amritha in the roopa of Ajitanaamaka paramathma.
5. He allowed the daithyas to snatch the Amritha from his Ajithanaamaka roopa and made another avathara as Mohini or Naaraayani roopa and took the Amritha from Asuraas and
distributed among the Devathegalu.
Thus, Paramathma himself did the entire Samudra Mathana, but just the gave the credits to Devategalu
क्षीरॊदधावमरदानवयूथपानामुन्मथताममृतलब्धय आदिदॆव: ।
पृष्ठॆन कच्चपवपुर्विदधारगॊत्रं निद्रॆक्षणॊSद्रिपरिवर्थकषायकंडु: ।
सुरासुराणामुदधिं विमथ्नतां दधार पृष्ठॆन गिरिं स मंदरं ।
वरप्रदानादपरैरधार्यं हरस्य कूर्मॊ बृहदंडवॊढा ॥
(श्री महाभारततात्पर्य निर्णयॆ श्रीकूर्मस्तुति:)
मत्स्यकरूप लयॊदविहारिन् वॆदविनॆत्र चतुर्मुखवंद्य ।
कूर्मस्वरूपक मंधरधारिन् लॊकविधारक दॆववरॆण्य ॥
महागाधजलाधारं कच्चपं मंदरॊध्धरम् ।
सुंदरांगं च गॊविंदं श्रीनिवासं भजॆSनिशम् ।
चरमांगॊद्धृतमंदरतटिनं कूर्मशरीरम् ।
कमलाकांतमखंडितविभवाब्धिं हरिमीडॆ ॥
अकूपाराय बृहतॆ नमॊ मंधरधारिणॆ ।
क्षित्युध्धारविहाराय नम: सूकरमूर्तयॆ ॥
ಕ್ಷೀರೋದಧಾವಮರದಾನವಯೂಥಪಾನಾಮುನ್ಮಥತಾಮಮೃತಲಬ್ಧಯ ಆದಿದೇವ: |
ಪೃಷ್ಠೇನ ಕಚ್ಚಪವಪುರ್ವಿದಧಾರಗೋತ್ರಂ ನಿದ್ರೇಕ್ಷಣೋSದ್ರಿಪರಿವರ್ಥಕಷಾಯಕಂಡು: |
ಸುರಾಸುರಾಣಾಮುದಧಿಂ ವಿಮಥ್ನತಾಂ ದಧಾರ ಪೃಷ್ಠೇನ ಗಿರಿಂ ಸ ಮಂದರಂ |
ವರಪ್ರದಾನಾದಪರೈರಧಾರ್ಯಂ ಹರಸ್ಯ ಕೂರ್ಮೋ ಬೃಹದಂಡವೋಢಾ ||
(ಶ್ರೀ ಮಹಾಭಾರತತಾತ್ಪರ್ಯ ನಿರ್ಣಯೇ ಶ್ರೀಕೂರ್ಮಸ್ತುತಿ:)
ಮತ್ಸ್ಯಕರೂಪ ಲಯೋದವಿಹಾರಿನ್ ವೇದವಿನೇತ್ರ ಚತುರ್ಮುಖವಂದ್ಯ |
ಕೂರ್ಮಸ್ವರೂಪಕ ಮಂಧರಧಾರಿನ್ ಲೋಕವಿಧಾರಕ ದೇವವರೇಣ್ಯ ||
ಮಹಾಗಾಧಜಲಾಧಾರಂ ಕಚ್ಚಪಂ ಮಂದರೋಧ್ಧರಮ್ |
ಸುಂದರಾಂಗಂ ಚ ಗೋವಿಂದಂ ಶ್ರೀನಿವಾಸಂ ಭಜೇSನಿಶಮ್ |
ಚರಮಾಂಗೋದ್ಧೃತಮಂದರತಟಿನಂ ಕೂರ್ಮಶರೀರಮ್ |
ಕಮಲಾಕಾಂತಮಖಂಡಿತವಿಭವಾಬ್ಧಿಂ ಹರಿಮೀಡೇ ||
ಅಕೂಪಾರಾಯ ಬೃಹತೇ ನಮೋ ಮಂಧರಧಾರಿಣೇ |
ಕ್ಷಿತ್ಯುಧ್ಧಾರವಿಹಾರಾಯ ನಮ: ಸೂಕರಮೂರ್ತಯೇ ||
Srikurmam Temple which is just 12 kms from Srikakulam Railway Station in Andrapradesh. The village Srikurmam derives its name from the temple, which is dedicated to Srimannarayana in the avatara of Srikurma viz., the Avathara of tortoise, and hence the deity itself is called Srikurmanatha. The temple has beautiful pillared mantapas and some of the pieces of sculpture done in granite are masterpieces of workmanship. The temple is built in the Chola type of architecture, though the outer gates beyond the prakara are much later.
The temple has a history running for thousands of years. Sri Ramanujacharya had reestablished. During his tours, one night he dreamt that an image of Lord Vishnu was submerged near a tank near the town where he was staying. He made arrangements to bring out that image, and also made arrangements for its proper worship and retired to the banks of the Tungabhadra where he lived till his end. This legendary story of Sri Narahari tirtha is fully borne out by many of the inscriptions that are available at the Srikurmam temple. Later it came under the control of Sri Vijayanagar kingdom. Then onwards it was being worshipped under Madhwa sampradaya for many many years. Now it is being worshipped as per Srivaishnava sampradaya.
Very much thankful to Pujya Narahari Sumadhwa.
|| nAham kartA hariH kartA ||
|| Shri Krishnarpanamastu ||
By J Prasad
Namami they deva padaravindam,
Prapanna thapopa samatha pathram,
Yan moola hethou yathayo agna soru,
Samsara dukham Bahiruthkshi panthi., 1
Oh God I salute your lotus like feet,
Which is like an umbrella preventing heat,
Due to its basic reason the learned sages,
Get rid of the sorrows of this world from their mind.
Dhathar dasmin bhava eesa jeevaa,
Sthapathrayeno apahathaa na sarma,
Aathmam labhanthe bhagavamsthvangri,
Cchayaam sa vidhyamara maasreyama., 2
Oh God, please give me relief from the sorrows,
As I will take rest in the shades of your feet,
As no being gets relieved of the three types of suffering,
And these type of sufferings do not come near your feet.
Marganthi yathe mukha padma needai,
Chandha suparnaryashayo vivikthe,
Pade padam theertha padam prapanna., 3
Yach sradhaya srutha vathya cha bhakthya,
Samsrujy mane hrudhaye vadhaya,
Jnanena vairagya balena dheera,
Vrujema thathengri Saroja peetam., 4
Oh God, Guided by the birds called Vedas,
Which are used to live in your lotus like face,
Is your holy divine lotus like feet,
Which is searched in solitude by he sages,
Which makes them live in the shores of sacred rivers,
And which they establish in their mind,
By the use of devotion and attention,
As well as which they establish in their heart,
Using the path of wisdom and renunciation,
And we completely surrender to it.
Viswasya janma sthithi samyamarthe,
Krutha avatharasya padambhujam they,
Vrujema sarve saranam yadheesa,
Smrutham prayachathya bhayam swapumsam., 5
For the sake of creation, upkeep and destruction,
Of the world is the incarnation that you took,
And we all surrender to your lotus like feet,
For meditating on it, gives protection to devotees.
Yasyanu bandhe asathi deha gehe,
Mamaha mithyooda duragrahaanaam,
Pumsaam sudhooram vasatho vipuryaam,
Bhajema thathe Bhagawan padabhjam., 6
The man who does not think about you,
Is wrongly too much attached to body, home and self,
And so we are saluting the lotus like feet,
Which exists very, very far away.
Panena they deva kadha sudhaya,
Pravrudha bhakthyaa visa daasayaa ye,
Vairagya saram prathilabhya bodham,
Yadhaanjasanveeyura kunta dhishnyam., 7
Due to the large amount of devotion,
Some people with a pure heart,
Hearing your nectar like story,
Receive great wisdom by renunciation,
And suddenly get that destruction less state.
Thadhapare chathma Samadhi yoga,
Balena jithwa prakruthim balishtaam,
Thwameva dheeraa pursha visanthi,
Thesham srama syanna thu sevaya they., 8
Like that others who are very wise,
By the strength of their Athma Samadhi,
Win over the very strong illusion,
And attain you and do not find it difficult.
Thathe vayam loka si sraksha yadhya,
Thwa yanu srushta sthribhirathmabhi sma,
Sarve viyukthaa swa vihara thanthram,
Na saknumasthath prathiharthave they., 9
Thinking that we should serve you like that,
Possibly you have decided to ignore us,
Who have been created by you at the time.
Of creation by Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu,
And we are not able to understand your secret.
Yavad balim theja harama kale,
Yadhaa vayanjanna madhama yathra,
Thadho bhayeshaam tha imehi lokaa,
Balim haranthonna madanthya nooha., 10
Oh God we are providing you with the sacrifice,
And telling your name eat food,
And similarly the ordinary people give you sacrifice,
And eat the food after offering it to you.
Thwam na surname asi saanwayaanaam,
Kootastha aadhya puusha Purana,
Thwam deva shakthyaam guna karma yonow,
Rethsthwajayam kavi rathatheja., 11
Oh God you are the protector of all devas,
You are stable, the first primeval one,
You are the power of devas,
You are the birth place and result of everything,
And you have taken up yourself the job of care of the universe,
And for that you have deposited your male power.
Ththo vayam sath pramukhayathathe,
Bhaboovimathman karavama kim they,
Thwam na swachakshu paridehi shakthya,
Deva kriyatrha yadanugrahaanaam., 12
Oh God what should we the sages do,
To get good results of our intentions,
Please give us the capacity,
To obey the directions of your blessed sight.